There Are So Many Pavilions In The Park. Do You Know The Selection Of Pavilions?(二)

- Dec 08, 2018-

Brick Pavilion

Stele pavilions often have thick brick walls, such as those used in tombs of Ming and Qing Dynasties. But they are still wooden pavilions, brick walls are only used to protect beams, columns and stele bodies, and to create a solemn and quiet atmosphere, rather than structural load-bearing role. Brick pavilions are constructed with arch and superimposed technology. Jade urn Pavilion in Beihai Tuancheng and Yi Pavilion in Langya Mountain, Chuxian County, Anhui Province, are brick pavilions built entirely with bricks. Compared with wooden pavilions and wooden houses, the pavilion has unique shape and features.

Thatched pavilion

Mao Pavilion is the ancestor of all kinds of pavilions, which originated from real life. The rest shed and waterwheel shed beside the mountain road are the prototype of Mao Pavilion.

This kind of Pavilion is usually made of logs and slightly processed into beams and columns, or covered with grass, or covered with bark, which is of natural interest. Because it retains its natural characteristics and has the meaning of mountains, forests and springs, it is highly appreciated by elegant and elegant people. Liu Zongyuan once commented on Mao Pavilion in Liuzhong of Yongzhou as a Maotai Pavilion in which Ma Tuishan retired from Mount Maotang: "There is no such thing as thin and thrifty, no hawthorn repair, no hawthorn cutting, no walls, white clouds as a barrier, Bishan as a screen, Zhao its frugality." Wang Changling also wrote poems like "Mao Ting Su Hua Ying, Xishan Luan He Qun" in praise of its elegant and meaningful shape. As a result, not only Maotai pavilions are built in the mountains, but also in luxurious houses and imperial forbidden gardens. Maotai pavilions are also built to pursue the simplicity and quietness of "carving naturally".

Bamboo Pavilion

The bamboo pavilion was used in Tang Dynasty. The poet Dugu Ji once wrote The Book of Bamboo Pavilion in Lulang Zhongxunyang: "Cutting bamboo is a pavilion, its height comes from the forest table." Later, bamboo was also used in bridges and pavilions. "Yangzhou Painting Records" contains: "Meiling Spring is Changchun Ridge, in the protection of the lake. Ridge in the water, wooden for the Jade Bridge, building square pavilions. Columns, columns, eaves and tiles are all inlaid with bamboo, so they are also called bamboo bridges. It can be seen that bamboo pavilions are widely used.

Because bamboo is not long-lasting and lasts for a short time, there are few bamboo pavilions left behind. Bamboo pavilions are usually constructed by binding, nailing and riveting. Some bamboo pavilions, beams, columns and other structural components are still made of wood, wrapped with bamboo slices to imitate the shape of bamboo. Their drinking stools, rafters, tiles and so on are all made of bamboo, which is strong and easy to repair.

Bamboo is not only a very good building material, but also tall and beautiful, elegant and graceful, as green as pine, as snow and frost-resistant as plum, plain and unadorned, high-spirited, has always been praised by people. Bai Juyi once wrote The Story of Raising Bamboo. He said, "Bamboo is like a virtuous one, bamboo is solid, bamboo is straight, bamboo heart is empty, bamboo is chastity", "tree virtue is solid, stand upright, empty is moral, chastity is ambitious". From this, gentlemen think of "good construction, neutrality, impartiality", "application of empty acceptance" and "promotion of fame". Take the character of bamboo as a model of self-cultivation and life-building. Su Dongpo is more fond of bamboo. He said, "Better eat without meat than live without bamboo. No meat makes you lean and no bamboo makes you vulgar." Therefore, in the garden, besides planting bamboo beside the pavilion, building the pavilion with bamboo in pursuit of elegance and elegance is also deeply welcomed by the world.

Copper Pavilion

According to the records in the History of Scholars, a bronze pavilion was built on the Zhanyuan rockery in the palace of Zhongshan King in Nanjing in the Ming Dynasty. There are not many existing copper pavilions, such as Jinque in Mount Tai, Baoyun Pavilion in the Summer Palace, Golden Palace in Mingfeng Mountain in Kunming, and the copper Pavilion in Wutai Mountain. Strictly speaking, they can not be called pavilions, but pavilion-style buildings, but they are customarily called "bronze pavilions".

The bronze Pavilion is also built in imitation of wood structure. Take Baoyun Pavilion as an example. It is 7.5 meters high, weighs 414 kilograms, and is surrounded by Rhombus fans. Columns, beams, buckets, arches, rafters, tiles, precious roofs, as well as Kowloon plaques, couplets and so on, are exactly the same. It is a rare treasure in the world with crab green color, exquisite shape and complex crafts.