The Pavilion is built with certain materials, and the characteristics of materials will inevitably have an impact on the architectural style. Therefore, the plastic art of the pavilion, to a certain extent, depends on the material chosen. Because of the differences in the properties of various materials, the pavilions constructed with different materials have their own distinct characteristics, and at the same time, they are bound to be limited by the characteristics of the materials used.
Chinese architecture is a wooden structure system, so the pavilion is mostly wooden structure. Wooden pavilions are most common in the form of wooden glazed tile roof and wooden tile roof. The former is unique to the royal architecture and the religious architecture of the altar temple. It is magnificent and colorful. The latter is the dominant form of Chinese classical pavilions, either simple and solemn, or elegant and elegant, throughout the north and south of the Yangtze River, which is the representative form of Chinese classical pavilions. In addition, wooden pavilions are also made of stone roofs, iron roofs and lime-soil roofs, but generally relatively rare, belonging to a more special shape.
Stone pavilions are also quite common in China. The earliest Pavilion in existence is the stone pavilion. Most of the early stone pavilions imitated the wooden structure, such as Dougong, Moon Beam, Ming Dynasty, Queti, Corner Beam and so on, all carved from stone. For example, the Luban Pavilion on Huangmei Mountain in Hubei Province built in the early Tang Dynasty was constructed entirely by imitating wooden arch beams with stone. The same is true of the two stone pavilions built in front of Hushan Xiufeng in the Song and Yuan dynasties, respectively. After Ming and Qing Dynasties, the stone pavilion gradually got rid of the form of imitation wood structure. The characteristics of stone materials were prominent, and the construction method was simplified accordingly. The shape was simple, thick, the eaves were flat and short, and the details were simple. Some stone pavilions are so simple that only four stone pillars are used to support a stone pavilion cover. This stone pavilion is simple and simple, showing a solid and rough style. However, some stone pavilions, in order to pursue the effect of staggered gold carving, fine and gorgeous, still use stone imitation wood carving bucket arch, hanging down, roof made of slate Xieshan, Fang Cunjian and Hexagonal Cunjian, and so on.
Some stone pavilions in the south are also made into heavy eaves, even up to four layers of heavy eaves, exquisitely carved, full of the characteristics of light but not heavy in the south of the Yangtze River.